A NASA-funded study indicates that water may not be liquid on Mars and may be taking new forms

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The passion of human beings to discover new worlds has led us to begin this adventure with the well-known ‘red planet’, the closest to us in the entire Solar System. The planet Mars is undoubtedly all a mystery what do you still have many secrets waiting to be discovered. One of the most shocking moments last spring was when the Rover Perseverance, which had arrived on Mars in February 2021, sent a video to Earth in which you could hear the sound of the ”red planet”with a gloomy air that left goosebumps to more than one.

Now, and several months later, speculation continues as to how Mars came to be. millions of years ago and if the hypothesis that there was an ocean full of water that ended up disappearing is true. Recently, a group of geophysicists from the University of California at San Diego. They have published a statement detailing some of the conclusions they have reached, advancing that there are “a couple of surprises” that they did not expect, and that could be decisive in reconstructing the origins of the planet.

The geophysicist Vashan Wright, one of the members of the study, explained that, based on his research, “the crust of Mars is weak and porous. The sediments are not well cemented. And there is no ice or not much ice filling the porous spaces”. That first surprise, as detailed in the statement, has been knowing that “the upper 300 meters of the subsoil below the landing site near the Martian equator contain little or no ice,” which no one imagined until now.

Has the water on the planet changed shape?

The second surprise that they have taken, according to what they indicate, has been that Mars “may have harbored oceans of water early in its history, and many experts suspected that much of the water became part of the minerals that make up the underground cement.” That is, water would still be present on the red planet, but it would have taken a different form to the one it initially had, which would explain the presence of numerous sediments that can be seen throughout the entire planet.

Wright has also pointed out that “if you put water in contact with rocks, it produces a new set of minerals, like clay, so water is not a liquid. It is part of the mineral structure”. The research, partially funded by NASA, has also had the contribution of a student of this geophysicist, Jhardel Dasent, another of the co-authors of the study, who has said the following: “All my life , growing up, I have heard that the Earth may become uninhabitable. I am now at the age where I can contribute to the knowledge of another planet that can take us there.”

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