The expansion of the infrastructure, the adoption of 5G and promoting the laying of fiber optics, as well as facilitating the impact of these networks on innovation, require a new comprehensive and holistic regulation model, with greater collaboration with the industry, they pointed out. forum speakers Mexico 5G (MX5G) organized by DPL Group.
In accordance with Sebastián Cabello, CEO of SmC+ Digital Public Affairs, the traditional regulation model must change under a convergent and agnostic vision, which enables the investments required for the expansion of the digital infrastructure.
“There is a regulatory model that is being transformed throughout Latin America, since much of it is directed at the physical, but what we have now is a hybrid model. Therefore, we must rely on the value chain to reach all citizens”, he added.
In this new model, local governments should have a greater role in expanding infrastructure based on its own initiatives for smart cities and public works, which allows investment efficiency and resource savings.
In particular, warned that the specialized regulators of the sector will have to be focused on promoting innovation and attentive to competition under a vision of regulation ex post so as not to risk these innovation processes.
The model also implies changes for the industry, as operators unbundle components of their passive infrastructure and that allows a greater participation of specialized infrastructure companies and the need to adopt infrastructure (passive and active) and radio spectrum sharing practices.
He stressed that The main challenge focuses on “reducing fragmentation in the process of creating digital policies that generate different incentives between sectors, which have to be aligned”.
In this sense, he highlighted the importance of forming a “coordinated effort” to promote the promises of 5G and not simply stay in a stronger 4G.
Cabello estimates that the investment required in Mexico in infrastructure for 5G by 2030 is about 3.3 billion dollars by 2030, which implies the need to install about four times more cell sites (between macro and small cells) over the existing number in 2021 (38 thousand sites).
Among the director’s recommendations are coordination between federal and local initiatives, establishing a single window, promoting policies that facilitate deployment such as administrative silence and neutral infrastructure operators, as well as other measures, such as a ranking of cities and incentives. tax.
Mexico requires a digital agenda with a vision of the entire value chain
Considering the large number of sectors where 5G will have some impact, a “comprehensive and holistic vision” articulated in a digital political agenda will be required for its use, he said. José Luis Solleiro, expert in Technology Management, Transfer and Policy and Researcher at the Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (ICAT) of the UNAM.
During his participation in the MX5G forum, the academic criticized the current position of the federal government that issued a digital agenda without clarity, without access to economic resources and with concepts alien to the development of the sector.
In this sense, he explained that an adequate public policy for the sector would have to be considered with a broad vision for the entire value chain and with clarity about the objectives that are set.
The principles of a digital agenda should include: enhance socioeconomic benefit; make evidence-based public policy decisions; contribute to a competitive development of the industry; with a focus on innovation with technological neutrality; evaluate risks and in accordance with the national and international legal framework.
Secondly, warned that the innovation process in the 5G industry is mainly determined by equipment developers, so it is necessary to coexist better with themto build an ecosystem of specialized equipment providers, learn and thus develop applications.
“In order for Mexico to become a capital of innovation, it is necessary to invest in research in STEM areas (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) and have comprehensive national planning. However, the data shows that the country is not betting on growth in these fields”, he pointed out during his participation.