Its celebration is derived to recognize its values, traditions, languages and customs of the more than 5 different groups in 95 countries around the world.
NotiPress.- As of February 17, 1995, through a resolution, the United Nations General Assembly declared August 9 as the International Day of Indigenous Populations. This is intended to recognize indigenous communities, their traditions, values, languages and customs, in addition to the contribution they have made in strengthening current national cultures.
In the same way, the International Day of Indigenous Populations seeks to obtain the greatest support from governments and all sectors of society. And so, together, find a solution to the problems faced by communities in areas such as human rights, the environment, education and health.
In a document published by the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), António Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations, affirmed that indigenous peoples represent a great diversity. “More than 5,000 different groups in 90 countries and 7,000 different languages make up 370 million people, or 5% of the world’s population,” he added.
However, indigenous communities are the most disadvantaged and vulnerable population, as they represent 15% of the population living in poverty, reported Guterres. In terms of education, the Secretary General of the United Nations asserted that indigenous peoples also have the right to learn, in addition to controlling and establishing their educational institutions.
In this context, Guterres specified that indigenous peoples are part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to ensure equal access at all levels of education. So also improve professional training for vulnerable people, including people with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in adverse situations.
Regarding Mexico, the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States recognizes in its second article that the nation has a multicultural composition originally based on its indigenous peoples. All of them are indigenous peoples who descend from populations that inhabited the country before colonization. Therefore, they must retain all or most of their own social, economic, cultural and political institutions.
Currently, in Mexico there are about 78 indigenous communities spread throughout the national territory and each one has uses and customs that differentiate them from the rest. Some indigenous peoples that make up the 78 ethnic groups are: Amuzgos, Coras, Huastecos, Totoncas, Purépechas, Tarahumaras, Raramuris, Tecos, Yunas, Huichols, Tzotziles, Quichés, Lacandones Pames, Kiliwas, Mames, Mayas, Nahuas Otomíes, Yaquis, Triquis, among others.