Technology will once again be the protagonist in the World Cup, just as it had been in Russia 2018; we tell you the innovations for this year.
If technology was the protagonist in the World Cup Russia 2018it will also be in the World Cup in Qatar 2022. For the ecumenical event in Russia, the FIFA decided to implement the use of VARthe acronym by which the Assistance to the Referee by Video (in English, Video Assistant Referee).
Is there VAR in the Qatar 2022 World Cup and how does it work?
Four years later, the highest body in world football will once again use this tool to try impart justice in the best way, with the intention of reducing the margin of error and avoid as much controversy.
As a first measure, it should be remembered that the VAR consists of a camera series whose images are evaluated in a room with monitors by FIFA referees that determine the decision to be made by the main referee of a match.
It should be noted that most competitions use VAR. For example, in the Premier League, in La Liga in Spain, in the Italian Serie A, in the Champions League or in the Europa League.
The VAR is used for different situations that we detail below:
Goal: Potential situations of infringement of the laws of the game such as misplacements, fouls, hands or other infractions are reviewed.
Penalty: it is reviewed if the decision to sanction or not the collection of a maximum penalty has been taken correctly. Both plays are examined in the area as close to it.
Direct red card: it is monitored whether the expulsion of a player has been correct or not. It is not reviewed whether or not a player deserves a yellow card.
Player Identity: Sometimes, due to confusing the identity of a footballer, a referee may show a card to a player who had not committed an infraction. In that case, the referee comes into play and warns the referee that he made a mistake.
Semi-automatic offside at Qatar 2022: what it is, how it works, when and where it is applied
Just as the VAR appeared in 2018, now it is the turn of the “semi-automatic offside”which will premiere at the World Cup in Qatar, as announced by FIFA.
Johanmes Holzmüller, deputy director of technology at FIFA, was in charge of presenting the project. The objective: the system will help judges to make faster, more accurate and reliable decisions. And, in addition, it will improve communication with the fans, since The play will be recreated on the screens of the stadiums with a 3D animation.
– Seville Football Club (@SevillaFC) June 28, 2022
How will it work?
FIFA, through a statement, gave details of this new technology:
“Twelve cameras installed under the roof of the stadium capture the movements of the ball and up to 29 data points of each player, 50 times per second, to calculate their exact positions on the pitch. The 29 groups of data collected include the extremities and parts of the body that are taken into account to signal an offside.
The official ball of Qatar 2022, Al Rihla by adidas, will include inside a decisive element for the detection of doubtful illegal positions: an inertial measurement unit (IMU for its acronym in English). This sensor, located in the center of the ball, sends a data packet 500 times per second to the video room, allowing the exact moment the ball is hit to be detected with absolute precision.
With the mixture of tracking data from the extremities of the players and the ball, and through artificial intelligence, the new technology provides an automatic warning to the video room whenever an attacker who was in an offside position receives a ball. the moment when his partner played the ball. To corroborate their proposal before reporting it to the main referee, the video refereeing team manually checks the exact moment of the shot provided by the data, as well as the automatically created offside line based on limb positions of the player that the system has calculated. As it lasts only a few seconds, the process allows faster and more accurate decisions to be made.
Once the decision is confirmed by the video referee team and the head referee, the same positional data used to make the decision generates a three-dimensional animation that perfectly details the position of the player’s body parts at the moment of contact with the player. the ball. Showing an offside position from the best angles, this animation is broadcast on video scoreboards and distributed to FIFA’s broadcast partners to inform all viewers as clearly and transparently as possible.”
The process lasts 25 seconds
If there is a goal, an orange flag will automatically appear, signaling that the play is very close to offside. The videos check everything from that moment and immediately communicate it to the referees. The average of the entire operation before this system is 70 seconds and now it will be 25 seconds.
The word of Johannes Holzmüller, director of the Football Technological Innovation Subdivision
“The semi-automated technology for offside detection will be configured with twelve cameras, and the official competition ball will have linked technology in all the stadiums of the 2022 FIFA World Cup. The new systems will provide refereeing teams with real-time video warnings using artificial intelligence. We call it ‘semi-automated technology for offside detection’ because the video refereeing teams will continue to monitor the results and will have to corroborate the proposed decision before informing the main referee. How these same will be used data to create a three-dimensional animation that will be broadcast to the spectators in the stadiums and the viewers, the fans will be able to see very quickly an exact image of the offside situation”.
The word of Gianni Infantino, president of FIFA
“At the 2018 FIFA World Cup, FIFA had the courage to use VAR technology on the world’s biggest stage. Since then, video refereeing has become a resounding success. The semi-automated technology for offside detection is an evolution of the VAR systems that have been implemented around the world.This system is the result of three years of research and testing by FIFA and our partners, with the aim of providing the best of the best to the teams, players and fans traveling to Qatar at the end of the year. At FIFA, we are very proud of this work and look forward to seeing the benefits of this technology for the world at the 2022 FIFA World Cup. FIFA is determined to take advantage of technological advances to improve football at all levels and the most convincing demonstration of this is the use of semi-automated technology for offside detection in the 2022 World Cup.”