Linux Mint 21 Released, This is What’s New

The stable release of Linux Mint 21 “Vanessa” is now available to download.

This is the latest version of the Ubuntu-based distro, and it carries a sizeable set of changes compared to the Linux Mint 20.3 release we saw at the start of the year.

In this post I show you what’s new in Linux Mint 21, where to download it, and recap how to upgrade to Linux Mint 21 from an earlier version should you be running one.

As ever, Linux Mint 21 is available in three distinct distillations: the flagship Cinnamon edition (which uses the Cinnamon desktop environment by default), an Xfce variant (using the Xfce desktop), and a MATE option (which ships with the MATE desktop by default). default). In this post I focus primarily on the Cinnamon version.

For more details, read on.

Linux Mint 21: What’s New?

Linux Mint 21 in action

Linux Mint 21 is based on Ubuntu 22.04LTS, the latest long-term support release of Ubuntu. This provides Mint users with a flurry of foundational tweaks and archive updates, plus the ease-of-mind knowing they are guaranteed security updates for the system for the next five years.

And it is: Linux Mint 21 is supported until 2027.

Kernel wise Mint 21 uses Linux 5.15. This offers (amongst other changes) a new NTFS file system driver (handy when interacting with Windows partitions), EXT4 file system improvements (Mint uses EXT4 by default), plus better hardware support, security patches, bug fixes and all that jazz.

But what about the desktop?

Cinnamon 5.4

Linux Mint 21 ships with Cinnamon 5.4, the latest version of its relatively lightweight, WIMP-oriented UI. In this iteration, devs rebase the desktop atop a more modern version of Mutter, a move designed to bring its codebase closer to upstream and reduce delta.

As a result, there are remarkable improvements in performance, compatibility, and stability in this update. Now, to its credit Mint has always been pretty fast, even on aged hardware, but enhancements in this area are sure to be appreciated by those on a high-end and mid-range hardware as much as low-tier users.

A related change sees Cinnamon’s window manager muffins render all windows using the GTK theme rather than, as before, a mix of GTK (CSD) and Metacity (SSD) window types. Apps appear more consistent with each other regardless of their toolkit choice, and windowing elements look sharp and undistorted.

screenshot of Linux Mint 21 beta
Improved fractional scaling features in Mint 21

Improved window animations also feature, albeit at the cost of express configurability. Still, Mint devs have paid attention to the default settings and strike a good balance between speedy and slick. A global control to adjust the speed of animations in Linux Mint 21 is also included, should you want it.

Modest enhancements to the displays panel add buttons for fractional scaling (rather than a drop-down menu), and there’s a backend rejig on how fractional scaling is handled. The technical details don’t matter here as much as the effects: Linux Mint 21 looks a lot nicer on high-resolution displays.

Other Changes in Linux Mint 21

Linux Mint 21 screenshot showing the notes app and blueman bluetooth tool
Colorful notes and new Bluetooth manager

Linux Mint 21 introduces new tool for connecting to Bluetooth devices. Blueman is a desktop-agnostic approach that integrates well in all environments, including Linux Mint’s Cinnamon, Xfce, and MATE experience. Blueman is built atop bluezthe ‘official Linux Bluetooth protocol stack’.

There are also rich thumbnails for the following file types in the Nemo filemanager:

  • AppImage
  • ePub
  • MP3 (album covers)
  • RAW pictures (most formats)
  • webp

Additionally some Xapps, like the pixel image viewer, are also able to handle many of these formats.

Nemo file manager showing thumbnails for more file types including epub and webp
Nemo can show thumbnails for more file types

mint’s bundled notes app — a favorite of mine, I must say — is able to duplicate existing stickies. It also gives each new note a different color (by cycling through the set, not at random). And the system tray icon has been redesigned to look more in-tune with the rest of the Mint icon pack.

When an automated task is running in the background (eg, system backups, upgrades, etc) Mint now put a little indicator in the tray area. The idea is that this indicator will let users know if/when an active process that may (however slight) impact performance is underway.

Mint 21 also ships pre-stocked with the latest versions of popular Linux software. This includes LibreOffice 7.3 for productivity needs, Mozilla Firefox 103 for web surfing, and Thunderbird 91 for realizing you’ll never reach inbox zero e-mail.

Refreshed software set comes pre-installed

Some other, smaller changes:

  • Timeshift is now maintained as an XApp
  • Xviewer document viewer improves directory browsing
  • If Warpinator fails to find other devices it now shows links
  • WebApp manager supports additional browsers/custom browser commands
  • Uninstalling apps from the main menu queries dependencies
  • NVIDIA Prime applet lets you cancel switching graphics card
  • Copy System Info stats to the clipboard in a single click
  • Right-click on apps in the Mint Menu to access ‘quick list’ actions
  • Calendar applet now shows full duration for current/pending events
  • Power applet shows text + value when adjusting brightness
  • Sound applet hides microphone mute icon when mic not being used
  • Window List applet lets you change button width
  • Shutdown timeout reduced to 10s

Plus lots more.

Download Linux Mint 21

System requirements for Linux Mint 21 have not changed since Linux Mint 20, so if your computer is fairly modern (64-bit processor, at least 2 GB RAM, and 15 GB free space) you’re good to go. The Linux Mint website has a comprehensive installation guide should you need assistance installing Linux Mint 21.

Do check out the official Linux Mint 21 “Vanessa” release notes for more information, or skip straight to the action and download Linux Mint 21 from the Linux Mint website (where you have a direct download, a choice of mirrors, and torrent options).

h/t goal

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