“I can guarantee one thing: if I win the elections, in the first six months we will be able to reach an agreement with the European Union”, closed in 2019 after 20 years of negotiation, stressed the presidential candidate of the Workers’ Party for the vote on 2 October during an interview granted to Canal Rural.
He argued that it will be a commitment that “takes into consideration the need for Brazil to re-industrialize, because we cannot allow government purchases if we do not harm small and medium-sized companies.”
The agreement, which provides for a series of changes in tariff issues and not, continues without entering into force because it depends on a series of measures, including the approval of the text by the Parliament of all the affected countries.
Among the measures provided for by the pact are the withdrawal of tariffs on 91 percent of the products that the EU exports to Mercosur in a period of 10 years.
Also, in the opposite direction, the withdrawal of tariffs from 92 percent of the products that the South American bloc exports to the EU in a similar period.
“We need that deal. We’re close to making a deal. We are willing to conclude (agreement) because we have what to sell, we have competitive products, especially in agriculture. If it’s up to me, we’re going to sell everything we produce there and we’re not going to give in to demands. We are going to negotiate », he predicted.
Regarding legal deforestation, allowed in certain percentages according to each biome by the Brazilian Forest Code and refuted by European countries, Lula declared that “no one is against it.”
It’s in the law that if you buy land in the Amazon, 80 percent of the land has to be preserved, he said.
He clarified that Brazil is sovereign and does not have to subordinate itself to the Europeans who demand deforestation-free products. “But they can’t do what we want either. They said no. We have to create conditions for them to say yes. It is a negotiation process », she argued.
In 1999, the EU and the Mercosur countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) began negotiations for a free trade agreement, later concluded by the government of the far-right leader Jair Bolsonaro.
However, in the months following the announcement, European countries would reject the bases of the pact due to popular pressure caused by the international repercussion of the increase in burning and deforestation in the Amazon.