In the first of its sessions, the world’s largest conclave of dignitaries witnessed vibrant speeches and defiant sentences from representatives of a region traditionally seen as America’s backyard.
Perhaps the most epic of them came from the president of Colombia, Gustavo Petro, who in his first participation in this type of meeting unequivocally revealed how the poorest suffer due to the disputes that the rich deem necessary.
“We serve them to excuse the emptiness and loneliness of their own society that lead them to live in the midst of drug bubbles. We hide their problems from them that they refuse to reform, ”she said in reference to the war against cocaine, under the pretext of which much of the jungle in her country has been deforested and poisoned.
He stressed that the greed for money, and insatiable consumption patterns, are the real cause of climate change that threatens to transform the world into an increasingly uninhabitable place.
“The climatic disaster will kill hundreds of millions of people and listen well, it is not produced by the planet, it is produced by capital,” he sentenced.
Petro, making use of an impassioned speech, even dared to propose how the finances destined by some of the great economies could be more useful for other issues that he considered less deserving.
“If they do not have the capacity to finance the fund for the revitalization of the forests, if it weighs more to allocate the money to weapons than to life, then reduce the external debt,” he stated.
The Colombian could have been the most emphatic, but he was the only one to say enough to years of harassment.
The president of Honduras, Xiomara Castro, adopted a similar position when she denounced that “the poor nations of the world no longer support coups, the use of lawfare (persecution or judicial instrumentalization), or Color Revolutions, usually organized to plunder vast resources natural”.
The second of the only two women who spoke during the day, abjured the nickname assigned to her country for centuries and with which she seemed to be bound to vassalage.
“Never again, we will carry the stereotype of the Banana Republic, we will end the monopolies and oligopolies that only impoverish our economy,” he said.
He also condemned the inequity that condemns the majority so that a few can satisfy their whims.
“It is evident that today, for our country to survive, we must reject this presumed austerity that rewards those who concentrate wealth in a few hands, and increase inequality exponentially,” he remarked.
Respect for the great underprivileged masses also requested Luis Arce, the president of Bolivia.
“We need to broaden our criteria of human rights and their relationship with democracy. Neither of them exists –neither human rights nor democracy-, when the preservation of the privileges of a few is done at the cost of the effective breach of the economic, social and cultural rights of the majority”, he emphasized.
He recommended substituting military spending for the manufacture of weapons of mass destruction with a fair economic compensation that the countries of central capitalism owe, morally and historically, to the countries of the periphery and to the poor of the world.
Arce also rejected all kinds of interference and attempts to destabilize democracy in Bolivia, with the aim of controlling lithium.
“We want our lithium reserves not to follow the path of other natural resources that, in the conditions of colonialism and capitalist development, only served to increase the wealth of a few and provoke the hunger of the people,” he extolled.
Passion and vehemence constituted the common thread of the speeches of the presidents of Colombia, Honduras and Bolivia in the United Nations.
It became patent then that the commitment to their countrymen marks the course chosen by these Latin American leaders.