The Bolivian president advocates a “global program of food sovereignty”

United Nations, Sep 20 (EFE).- The president of Bolivia, Luis Arce, advocated this Tuesday for having a “global program” for food sovereignty in the face of the current crisis and criticized the “unilateral sanctions” that some countries such as USA.

In a speech lasting more than half an hour at the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Arce put forward 14 proposals on different issues, including the food crisis that worsened “due to the effects of the pandemic”, the “global geopolitical conflicts” and the “multiple ecological crises”.

“We must urgently put before the food crisis a global food sovereignty program that guarantees small producers better conditions for production,” he said.

This implies “access to seeds, fertilizers, technology, infrastructure, credit” and access to markets, in addition to “better living conditions in their communities, in full harmony with Mother Earth.”

He also stressed that the economic model launched by his party, the Movement for Socialism (MAS), has allowed “return to the path of growth” with mostly positive figures in an adverse global context.

The Bolivian president also rejected that in a world “hit by the crisis and the pandemic” “unilateral coercive measures” are still applied to “bend governments at the cost of hunger and suffering of their peoples.”

“No country should be persecuted, sanctioned or cornered for exercising its right to freely determine its own political, economic and social systems,” he said.

Arce mentioned as an example the “inhuman and criminal commercial and financial blockade against Cuba that puts the lives of millions of citizens at risk.”

In his opinion, “it is a crime against humanity to maintain these types of measures” as is adding Cuba to the list of countries that sponsor terrorism.

ANTI-DRUGS FIGHT

He also questioned the “unilateralism” of “some countries” in including Bolivia among the “main” countries of transit and production of illicit drugs, alluding to the memorandum published last week by the White House in this regard.

The president defended the “sovereign policy to fight drug trafficking” implemented in his country that “has given important results” and ratified the Bolivian commitment to strengthen anti-drug actions.

For Arce, “the war on drugs, mainly the one unleashed by the United States, has failed,” so it is necessary for that country to analyze a change in its anti-drug policies, since it is also “one of the main” consuming countries.

In this framework, he proposed “changing the approach in the fight against drug trafficking”, since emphasizing supply and not demand “has only served as a pretext for militarization and the deployment of the international war against drugs”.

“This has affected the peasants of the south and leaves the large criminal groups never publicly identified in countries whose population consumes drugs massively in absolute impunity,” he said.

He considered that it is time to work with Peru, Colombia and other countries affected by drug transit “in the regionalization of the fight against drug trafficking under a comprehensive approach that is less militarized and more economically social.”

He also asked to work from the United Nations on a mechanism to evaluate the results in this area “not only to the countries of the south but also to those of the north.”

On the other hand, the president expressed his rejection of “all kinds of interference and efforts to destabilize democracy” in Bolivia “with the aim of controlling lithium” and defended that the industrialization of this natural resource will be done in a sovereign manner and in benefit of “the peoples”.

“We want our lithium reserves not to follow the path of other natural resources that, under the conditions of colonialism and capitalist development, only served to increase the wealth of a few and provoke hunger among the people,” he said.

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