various presidents Latin Americans called for the end of the US embargo against Havana during his interventions in the general debate of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UN), which takes place in New York, while others strongly questioned Venezuela and Nicaragua.
The Argentine president, Alberto Fernandezreiterated his support for the end of the Washington embargo against Havana and Caracaswhile Bolivian Luis Arce described as “a crime against humanity to maintain this type of measure and incidentally add this country to the list of countries that sponsor terrorism”he said, referring to Cuba.
The Argentine did not mention, however, the constant violations of human rights in these two Latin American countries.
Likewise, the Honduran president, Xiomara Castro, demanded “respect for the self-determination of peoples” and rejected the “infamous and brutal blockade of the Cuban people”to which Chandrikapersad Santokhi, President of Suriname, joined.
Instead, the Chilean Gabriel Boricwho did not mention Cuba in his speech, did denounce that “the humanitarian crisis in Venezuela, as a result of its prolonged political crisis, has generated a migratory flow that is unprecedented in our region and in our country, putting tremendous pressure on our institutions and our society.
Also referred to the dramatic situation in Central America as a result of the dictatorship of Daniel Ortegafor which he urged the nations to “continue working to contribute to the release of political prisoners in Nicaragua.”
Furthermore, without mentioning any specific country, stressed that nations must “work so that nowhere in the world, having ideas different from that of the government in power can end up in persecution or in violation of human rights.
Boric also distanced himself from the majority of Latin American leftist governments, by condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and reiterating his solidarity with the attacked nation.
Gustavo Petro unleashes his vehemence at the UN
For its part, Colombian Gustavo Petro accused developed countries of the destruction of the Amazonquestioned the exploitation of natural resources and proposed the end of the war on drugs, in an intervention that the BBC described as vehement.
The president blamed the economic policies of developed countries for the devastation of the Amazon rainforest, and assured that his government can do little about it without an international consensus to stop these extractive economies.
“The salvadora jungle is seen in my country as the enemy to defeat, as the weed to be extinguished. The space of coca and of the peasants who cultivate it, because they have nothing else to cultivate, is demonized,” he said.
“Which is more poisonous for humanity: cocaine, coal or oil? The opinion of power has ordered that cocaine is poison and must be prosecuted, so that it only causes minimal deaths by overdose. Instead, coal and oil must be protected, so their use can extinguish all of humanity,” he compared.
Then Peter demanded that Washington end the so-called war on drugspromoted by the United States Government since 1971.
“From here, from my wounded Latin America, I demand that you put an end to the irrational war on drugs. (…) Reducing drug use does not require wars, it requires that we all build a better society: a more supportive society, more affectionate, where the intensity of life saves from addictions and the new slaveries”, he pointed out.
Paraguay will make a request to investigate the crimes of the Nicolás Maduro regime
Meanwhile, the president of Paraguay, Mario Abdo Benítez, indicated that his Government will lead a petition in the United Nations Human Rights Council to approve an investigation into the atrocities of the Nicolás Maduro regime. against the opposition in Venezuela.
“We have always supported the brotherly Venezuelan people and their struggle for democracy, which is why Paraguay will be leading in the Human Rights Council, together with other countries, a resolution that will allow further investigation into the violation of human rights in Venezuela,” he announced. .
He added that “you cannot look the other way” when there are injustices in the region.
Abdo Benítez pointed out that Paraguay maintains its commitment to “fundamental freedom, the peaceful resolution of conflicts, a dignified life and the uncompromising fight against organized crime.”
The 77th UN General Assembly was opened by the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, who began his speech by assuring that the “world is in big trouble”making particular reference to the dramatic situation in Ukraine after the Russian invasion.
“The finding of unmarked graves after the Russian withdrawal from Izyum is extremely disturbing,” Guterres said during his opening speech.
“The war (in Ukraine) has unleashed widespread destruction, with large-scale violations of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights”he underlined.
The collateral effects of the conflict also extend beyond Ukraine, as it has exacerbated the “global cost of living crisis. (…) The purchasing power crisis breaks out, confidence crumbles, inequalities soar, our planet burns, people suffer, especially the most vulnerable,” he listed.
“The world is in danger and paralyzed,” Guterres told the heads of state and government meeting in New Yorkto whom he demanded cooperation and urgent measures to stop the effects of wars, against the food crisis and in the face of climate change.
“Political divisions undermine the work of the Security Council, international law, people’s trust and faith in democratic institutions. We cannot continue like this”he emphasized.
Leaders from around the world have spoken since Tuesday before the UN General Assembly, which this year is marked by the war in Ukraine and several crises that have been aggravated by that conflict.