The different processes of crisis in the economy manifested in this 21st century now have concrete expression in the military field. The cost in lives is high, but also in useless expenses and investments for the world society.
Wars consume the necessary resources to meet the vital needs of humanity and nature.
War, in all its manifestations, is an expression of the dispute over the hegemony of the world order. It was the “trade war” declared by the US against China, like all the confrontations derived from unilateral sanctions generated in recent times, especially emanating from Washington and replicated by global partners.
The near horizon brings us more hardships for the impoverished majority of the planet, which requires thinking in terms of the construction of an alternative.
The strategy to overcome the current moment, of extended crisis, food, energy, economic, financial, cultural, political, more pandemic and more wars calls us to deploy strategies leading to limit the offensive of capital against work, nature and society , which we define as anti-capitalism.
It is clear to us that the situation of explicit wars, which lead to defined positions in world institutions, in the case of the resolutions that are being addressed in the United Nations and that seem to have no limits, presents us with
an immediate future scenario of uncertainty with regressive perspectives. At the same time, fears of inflation reappeared (8.5% annualized for March in the US and 7.5% for Europe) in a context of a slowdown in the economy.
The sanctions and blockades due to the war in Ukraine have an impact on the decrease in production and circulation of goods and services in the world system. It is a reality that aggravates a scenario of economic slowdown that the world economy is experiencing, only offset by the strong productive expansion of the so-called emerging countries, especially China.
The war situation in Ukraine, in Yemen, or in Palestine, among other territories, unfolds in a framework of expansion of global military spending and the arguments presented make explicit the need for “defense”.
Each country assumes the conflict hypothesis of the external threat, the result is an increase in the military spending of each country with the capacity to intervene in the world dispute. That defensive argument is fueled by intelligence strategies that induce greater military spending.
“The largest growth in arms imports between world regions occurred in Europe. In 2017-21, major arms imports by European states were 19% higher than in 2012-16 and accounted for 13% of global arms transfers.”
It is of interest to verify the territories that concentrate the flow of the arms trade and associate it with the strategic interests of capital for the domination of world production.
This group of countries today defines the blocks of international alignment that drag other countries along, and challenges us to think in terms of struggle against and beyond the profit regime, which means thinking of alternatives to the global order.
Merchandise and money is the presentation of the capitalist phenomenon in Marx’s studies on “Capital”, so it is of interest in a strategy against capitalism to analyze the visible phenomena in the process of extension of commodification. An extension dialectically hindered by the sanctions that trigger initiatives of new valorization circuits in the world.
The paths of commodification and valorization of capitals is a continuous process from the origins of capitalist accumulation, which today is defined with greater visibility in the military field.
The question raised by many points to a critical comparison of this expanding military spending with another alternative destination to deal with malnutrition and hunger.
The answer cannot be found in “humanitarian” reasoning or appeals, related to the economic, social, political and cultural order, but rather in the sphere of the logic of profit and accumulation derived from the capital regime. There is no humanism in capitalism, only profit and accumulation.
Therefore, returning to the beginning of the note, the humanitarian challenge of the present is associated with the search for a civilizational alternative, against and beyond capitalism. There is no room for reform, even when the struggle for reformist demands can contribute to a perspective of deep, revolutionary transformations.
That frustrated search for anti-capitalism and socialism, inspired according to his followers in the critique of political economy and of capitalism itself, was based on the studies of Karl Marx.
With the fall of the USSR, the recovery of the theory in origin was enabled, with the developments of the new times and that is why it motivates us, again in times of war, to think and propose strategic directions in defense of humanity and nature. .
It is about building collective, conscious social imaginaries, based on the decommodification of everyday life and an extended practice of self-management and community work. It is something that recreates conceptions of “living well” or “good living” that recent constitutional reforms recovered in the region.